It is the language of Bulgarians. En el período del búlgaro medio este nombre cambia a языкъ блъгарьскъ [yaz'ikă bl'gar'skă], la "lengua búlgara", cual se usó no solo para referirse al búlgaro medio del copista, sino también al período del búlgaro antiguo e incluso a la misión de Cirilo y Metodio en la Gran Moravia. Bulgarian adopted also a few words of Thracian and Bulgar origin. –. El inglés es el segundo idioma extranjero más común en Bulgaria y lo hablan aproximadamente el 23% de los búlgaros. 140 000), Estados Unidos (aprox. ", literal translation: "what kind of – is – this one here (she) – this sort of – one – some sort of – no sort of". Loring M. Danforth, The Macedonian Conflict: Ethnic Nationalism in a Transnational World, 1995, Princeton University Press, p.65 . There are also conditional and compound-imperative crossovers. Academia Búlgara de Ciencias Instituto de Lengua Búlgara, sonora palatalizada labiodental fricativa, Sistema directo de transliteración del alfabeto búlgaro, Página gratuita para buscar palabras o expresiones de distintas lenguas y escuchar su pronunciación, Aprender el idioma búlgaro - - curso en línea, Historia del búlgaro con gramática del Antiguo Búlgaro, Expresiones básicas en búlgaro: locuciones y traducción al español,úlgaro&oldid=130000552, Wikipedia:Artículos destacados en la Wikipedia en georgiano, Wikipedia:Artículos con enlaces externos rotos, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores BNE, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores BNF, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores GND, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores LCCN, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores AAT, Licencia Creative Commons Atribución Compartir Igual 3.0. Por favor — Моля (mólia) / Ако обичате (Ako obichate), Discúlpeme — Извинете, Извинявайте (Izvínete, izviníavaíte), ¡Hola!

(I told you not to!). El búlgaro tiene un total de 33 consonantes fonemas (véase tabla más adelante). vidyal, vidyali). The difference between the present indicative and the present subjunctive tense is that the subjunctive can be formed by both perfective and imperfective verbs. [note 9]. [27][28] Some local naming conventions included bolgárski, bugárski and so forth. No obstante, como consecuencia del desplazamiento de la capitalidad de Bulgaria de Tarnovo a Sofía en 1879, el búlgaro literario comienza un proceso gradual de acomodación al dialecto nativo de la nueva capital. Prior to standardization in the 19th century, after a period of Ottoman Turkish as a lingua franca for about 5 centuries, vernacular Bulgarian is estimated to have consisted of 50% Ottoman vocabulary, which contained predominantly (up to 80%) Arabic and Persian words.[46][47]. Bulgarian (/bʌlˈɡɛəriən/ (listen), /bʊlˈ-/ bu(u)l-GAIR-ee-ən; български, bǎlgarski, pronounced [ˈbɤɫɡɐrski] (listen)) is a South Slavic language spoken in Southeastern Europe, primarily in Bulgaria. La población era fundamentalmente eslava y los búlgaros acabarían eslavizándose. The two languages have several characteristics that set them apart from all other Slavic languages: changes include the elimination of case declension, the development of a suffixed definite article and the lack of a verb infinitive, but it retains and has further developed the Proto-Slavic verb system. In addition to that, past compound forms using participles vary in gender (masculine, feminine, neuter) and voice (active and passive) as well as aspect (perfective/aorist and imperfective). There are more than 40 different tenses across Bulgarian's two aspects and five moods. A growing number of international neologisms are also being widely adopted, causing controversy between younger generations who, in general, are raised in the era of digital globalization, and the older, more conservative educated purists. — Говорите ли испански/френски/английски/немски? — ¿Cómo se llama (usted)? Following the efforts of some figures of the National awakening of Bulgaria (most notably Neofit Rilski and Ivan Bogorov),[14] there had been many attempts to codify a standard Bulgarian language; however, there was much argument surrounding the choice of norms.   Eslavo They are also highly informal. ще – from the verb ща – 'to want.' La primera mención de la lengua como "lengua búlgara" en lugar de "lengua eslava" viene en la obra de un clérigo griego en el Arzobispado búlgaro de Ohrid en la hagiografía griega de San Clemente de Ohrid de Teofilacto de Ohrid (a finales del siglo XI). However, it has not incorporated the general Eastern umlaut of all synchronic or even historic "ya" sounds into "e" before front vowels – e.g. Creador.

It has completely replaced the infinitive and the supine from complex expressions (see below). The reflexive is expressed by the invariable particle se,[note 1] originally a clitic form of the accusative reflexive pronoun. Ala is interesting in that, while it feels archaic, it is often used in poetry and frequently in children's stories, since it has quite a moral/ominous feel to it. feminine две/три/тези книги ('two/three/these books') and neuter две/три/тези легла ('two/three/these beds'). El país se convirtió en una democracia después de que se llevaron a cabo elecciones multipartidistas en 1989. The rest are mostly fossilized case forms, such as: Adverbs can sometimes be reduplicated to emphasize the qualitative or quantitative properties of actions, moods or relations as performed by the subject of the sentence: "бавно-бавно" ("rather slowly"), "едва-едва" ("with great difficulty"), "съвсем-съвсем" ("quite", "thoroughly"). After 1944 the People's Republic of Bulgaria and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia began a policy of making Macedonia into the connecting link for the establishment of a new Balkan Federative Republic and stimulating here a development of distinct Macedonian consciousness.

Homonymous and etymologically identical to the feminine singular form of the corresponding adjective used with the definite article: Derived from cardinal numerals by means of a non-productive suffix: the third person singular of these two can be used impersonally to mean 'there is/there are' or 'there isn't/aren't any,'.

There is only one simple tense in the imperative mood, the present, and there are simple forms only for the second-person singular, -и/-й (-i, -y/i), and plural, -ете/-йте (-ete, -yte), e.g. The first mention of the language as the "Bulgarian language" instead of the "Slavonic language" comes in the work of the Greek clergy of the Archbishopric of Ohrid in the 11th century, for example in the Greek hagiography of Clement of Ohrid by Theophylact of Ohrid (late 11th century). Sometimes the "verb" may even acquire a derivational prefix that changes its meaning. In 886 AD, the Bulgarian Empire introduced the Glagolitic alphabet which was devised by the Saints Cyril and Methodius in the 850s. The past tense of this verb – щях /ʃtʲax/ is conjugated to form the past conditional ('would have' – again, with да, since it is irrealis): The verbs имам /ˈimɐm/ ('to have') and нямам /ˈɲamɐm/ ('to not have'): In Bulgarian, there are several conjunctions all translating into English as "but", which are all used in distinct situations.

When postfixed to adjectives the definite articles are –ят/–я for masculine gender (again, with the longer form being reserved for grammatical subjects), –та for feminine gender, –то for neuter gender, and –те for plural. The past perfect subjunctive ([по добре] да бях отишъл (ˈpɔdobrɛ) dɐ bʲax oˈtiʃɐl/, 'I'd had better be gone') refers to possible events in the past, which did not take place, and the present pluperfect subjunctive (да съм бил отишъл /dɐ sɐm bil oˈtiʃɐl/), which may be used about both past and future events arousing feelings of incontinence,[clarification needed] suspicion, etc. ), ¿Hablas español/francés/inglés/alemán?

Bulgarian has six vowel phonemes, but at least eight distinct phones can be distinguished when reduced allophones are taken into consideration. Along with the closely related Macedonian language (collectively forming the East South Slavic languages), it is a member of the Balkan sprachbund. The remaining 25% to 30% are loanwords from a number of languages, as well as derivations of such words. En el alfabeto búlgaro algunas letras coinciden con letras latinas, pero se pronuncian de diferente manera, porque es un equivalente eslavo a una letra latina. Стр. A finales del siglo VII, un grupo de búlgaros liderados por Khan Asparuh se dirigió a la parte norte de los Balcanes, donde se mezclaron con la población eslava y tracia local para formar el Primer Estado búlgaro. DOI: Благой Шклифов, За разширението на диалектната основа на българския книжовен език и неговото обновление. El turco es hablado por los turcos que residen en Bulgaria. Vestiges are present in a number of phraseological units and sayings. En los manuscritos más antiguos se la denominaba como языкъ словяньскъ [yaz'ikă slovyans'kă], "la lengua eslava". Among other things, this was seen as a way to "reconcile" the Western and the Eastern dialects and maintain language unity at a time when much of Bulgaria's Western dialect area was controlled by Serbia and Greece, but there were still hopes and occasional attempts to recover it. Las lenguas habladas de Bulgaria Estás aquí: Países / Bulgaria El búlgaro es el idioma oficial de Bulgaria y uno de los idiomas oficiales de la Unión Europea y Serbia. The inferential mood has five pure tenses. An interesting phenomenon is that these can be strung along one after another in quite long constructions, e.g. El nombre "búlgaro" procede del nombre de las tribus de la Bulgaria del Volga, parte de las cuales habitaron los Balcanes orientales en el siglo VII y que crearon el Imperio búlgaro en la zona. El búlgaro antiguo (entendiéndolo como antiguo eslavo eclesiástico) fue la primera lengua eslava con escritura. They are mostly used at the end of questions or instructions. юнашки (heroically), мъжки (bravely, like a man), майсторски (skillfully). ); nyakakav (some sort of); nikakav (no sort of); vsyakakav (every sort of); and the relative pronoun kakavto (the sort of ... that ... ). Nouns that end in –е/–о use –то. [34] With the proclamation of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia as part of the Yugoslav federation, the new authorities also started measures that would overcome the pro-Bulgarian feeling among parts of its population and in 1945 a separate Macedonian language was codified.

бързо (fast), силно (hard), странно (strange)—but adjectives ending in -ки use the masculine singular form (i.e. Pronouns have gender and number and retain (as in nearly all Indo-European languages) a more significant part of the case system. Two numbers are distinguished in Bulgarian–singular and plural. [citation needed][45] Morphologically, they are derived from the perfect. Jugador.

An extreme (colloquial) sentence, with almost no physical meaning in it whatsoever – yet which does have perfect meaning to the Bulgarian ear – would be : —Note: the subject of the sentence is simply the pronoun "taya" (lit. Also Latin and Greek are the source of many words, used mostly in international terminology. първо (firstly), второ (secondly), трето (thirdly), and in some cases from (adjective-like) cardinal numerals, e.g. Tras una consonante, ю y я significan una consonante palatalizada más que una semivocal: бял /bʲal/ "blanco".

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