Koga, T., Hirota, N., and Takumi, K. Bactericidal activities of essential oils of basil and sage against a range of bacteria and the effect of these essential oils on Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Jayasinghe, C., Gotoh, N., Aoki, T., and Wada, S. Phenolics composition and antioxidant activity of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). J Appl Toxicol 2004;24(4):289-296.

Reiter, M. and Brandt, W. Relaxant effects on tracheal and ileal smooth muscles of the guinea pig. Pill Identifier Tool Quick, Easy, Pill Identification, Drug Interaction Tool Check Potential Drug Interactions, Pharmacy Locater Tool Including 24 Hour, Pharmacies. 2016;21(8).

View abstract. Some people have allergic reactions if they consume or otherwise come into contact with herbs in the mint family. 1st ed. 11-12-2008;56(21):9911-9917.

Here, find out more about growing basil indoors. Wan, J., Wilcock, A., and Coventry, M. J. View abstract.

Reduced Varney, E. and Buckle, J. Koeduka, T., Louie, G. V., Orlova, I., Kish, C. M., Ibdah, M., Wilkerson, C. G., Bowman, M. E., Baiga, T. J., Noel, J. P., Dudareva, N., and Pichersky, E. The multiple phenylpropene synthases in both Clarkia breweri and Petunia hybrida represent two distinct protein lineages.

View abstract.

Basil provides some macronutrients, such as calcium and vitamin K, as well as a range of antioxidants. 2001;64(7):1019-1024. Folia Microbiol. 2009;6(6):725-728. J Food Prot. ), Anopheles minimus (Theobald) and Culex quinquefasciatus Say based on protection time and biting rate. 6-1-2005;191(11):1876-1880. Food Chem.Toxicol 2008;46(2):724-732.


View abstract. View abstract. Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings). J Food Prot.

2001;77(4-6):43-50. Maralhas, A., Monteiro, A., Martins, C., Kranendonk, M., Laires, A., Rueff, J., and Rodrigues, A. S. Genotoxicity and endoreduplication inducing activity of the food flavouring eugenol.

Saraswat, M., Muthenna, P., Suryanarayana, P., Petrash, J. M., and Reddy, G. B. Dietary sources of aldose reductase inhibitors: prospects for alleviating diabetic complications. Make a marinade with basil, olive oil, and chopped garlic. If using dried basil, it needs to be included at the start of a recipe so the herb has time to soften and infuse with the other ingredients.

What are the main uses of evening primrose oil? According to their results, basil oil may help treat various diseases that involve inflammation resulting from oxidative stress. View abstract. Using various herbs and spices can provide flavor to meals, and these ingredients often contain antioxidants, which fight free radicals.
Ozcan, M. Effect of spice hydrosols on the growth of Aspergillus parasiticus NRRL 2999 strain. Find out here.

If further investigations confirm these findings, basil extracts could prove useful for people with diabetes. Healthful caffeine alternatives include rooibos tea, carob, fruit smoothies, and ginseng.

The results also suggested that basil leaves may help treat long-term effects of high blood sugar. View abstract. Springhouse, PA: Springhouse Corp., 1999. Both eugenol and limonene have antioxidant properties. View abstract.

View abstract. Various practitioners of traditional medicine have used basil as an antimicrobial agent, and some scientific research supports this use. Bolognesi, C., Perrone, E., and Landini, E. Micronucleus monitoring of a floriculturist population from western Liguria, Italy. © 2004-2020 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company.


While fresh basil leaves are a tasty addition to many recipes, this herb has medicinal qualities as well. Skrovankova, S., Misurcova, L., and Machu, L. Antioxidant activity and protecting health effects of common medicinal plants. Learn about foods that can help boost skin health. Meded.Rijksuniv.Gent Fak.Landbouwkd.Toegep.Biol.Wet.

genovese gigante.

Basil is used for stomach spasms, loss of appetite, intestinal gas, kidney conditions, fluid retention, head colds, warts, and worm infections. The taste of basil will depend on the variety.

J Agric.Food Chem.

View abstract. Nat.Biotechnol.

Indian J Exp.Biol.

Adv.Food Nutr Res 2012;67:75-139. Today, studies are being done to see how the essential oils in basil can be beneficial to our health., Fitsiou E, Mitropoulou G, Spyridopoulou K, et al.

J Chromatogr.A 2-15-2002;947(1):23-29. The herb has rounded leaves that are often pointed. Share on Pinterest. Which foods are good sources of antioxidants? 2-10-2010;58(3):1416-1419. View abstract.

1999;47(11):4777-4781. View abstract. 1998;26(3):209-214. Erler, F., Ulug, I., and Yalcinkaya, B. Repellent activity of five essential oils against Culex pipiens. Basil is sold fresh and dried but fresh basil is typically preferred for cooking.

Food Chem.Toxicol 1998;36(6):475-484. Always roast extra turkey at Christmas - the leftovers can be used in so many delicious ways! Bioresour.Technol. Indian J Exp.Biol.

J Chromatogr.A 7-23-2004;1043(2):323-327. View abstract. Pezzoli, L., Elson, R., Little, C., Fisher, I., Yip, H., Peters, T., Hampton, M., de Pinna, E., Coia, J. E., Mather, H. A., Brown, D. J., Nielsen, E. M., Ethelberg, S., Heck, M., de Jager, C., and Threlfall, J. Pakalniskiene, J., Falkenhorst, G., Lisby, M., Madsen, S. B., Olsen, K. E., Nielsen, E. M., Mygh, A., Boel, J., and Molbak, K. A foodborne outbreak of enterotoxigenic E. coli and Salmonella Anatum infection after a high-school dinner in Denmark, November 2006. 2007;45(3):440-447. Yousif, A. N., Scaman, C. H., Durance, T. D., and Girard, B. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S A 6-27-2006;103(26):10128-10133. View abstract. Basil oils and extracts might slow blood clotting. However, confirming these findings will require more research. Basil is an annual herb that is most often green in color.

View abstract. Capota, C. D., Deventer, B., and Zimmermann, R. D. The effect of 4-nonylphenol on the pigmentation of Ocimum basilicum (Basil). Zhang, J. W., Li, S. K., and Wu, W. J. Copyright © 2018 by RxList Inc. RxList does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

View abstract.

Available at: https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?CFRPart=182.

View abstract.

View abstract. View abstract. Heavy metals in selected edible vegetables and estimation of their daily intake in Sanandaj, Iran. Effects on humans elicited by inhaling the fragrance of essential oils: sensory test, multi-channel thermometric study and forehead surface potential wave measurement on basil and peppermint. This plant plays a therapeutic role in Tamil and Ayurvedic medicines, which are predominantly practiced in Southeast Asia. 8-31-2009;134(1-2):83-88. Anytime you’re tossing together a green salad, go ahead and mix in a few spoonful (or even just a few leaves) of chopped basil. View abstract. Ann.N.Y Acad.Sci.

Benedec, D., Parvu, A. E., Oniga, I., Toiu, A., and Tiperciuc, B. View abstract. Schulz, H., Schrader, B., Quilitzsch, R., Pfeffer, S., and Kruger, H. Rapid classification of basil chemotypes by various vibrational spectroscopy methods. Acta Trop. We independently select these products—if you buy from one of our links, we may earn a commission.

J Ethnopharmacol. Basil is also a perfect herb to freeze for later use. Plant Physiol 2002;130(3):1536-1544. View abstract. View abstract. Here, learn more about the possible health benefits of other popular foods.

Molecules. Exp.Parasitol. 7-16-2003;51(15):4442-4449. The essential oils in the herb can help to lower your cholesterol and triglycerides.

View abstract. 8-17-2009;125(1):157-162. 2005;97(3):576-579. Daly, T., Jiwan, M. A., O'Brien, N. M., and Aherne, S. A. Carotenoid content of commonly consumed herbs and assessment of their bioaccessibility using an in vitro digestion model.

Muller, L., Kasper, P., Muller-Tegethoff, K., and Petr, T. The genotoxic potential in vitro and in vivo of the allyl benzene etheric oils estragole, basil oil and trans-anethole. Danesi, F., Elementi, S., Neri, R., Maranesi, M., D'Antuono, L. F., and Bordoni, A. Bravo, E., Amrani, S., Aziz, M., Harnafi, H., and Napolitano, M. Ocimum basilicum ethanolic extract decreases cholesterol synthesis and lipid accumulation in human macrophages.

This amount is between 9% and 12% of an adult’s daily requirement. Adding basil to your diet may help to reduce high blood sugar levels.

View abstract. Last medically reviewed on December 16, 2019, Most people can treat colds and the flu with rest and home remedies, such as garlic, honey, and zinc. 2. View abstract. Heart disease 3.

ISME.J 2009;3(2):261-265. Southeast Asian J Trop.Med.Public Health 2008;39(2):335-340.

Phippen, W. B. and Simon, J. E. Anthocyanin inheritance and instability in purple basil (Ocimum basilicum L.)]. View abstract.

Yadav, S., Mittal, P. K., Saxena, P. N., and Singh, R. K. Effect of synergist piperonyl butoxide (PBO) on the toxicity of some essential oils against mosquito larvae. 2008;54(11):950-956. Scientists have linked cancer, heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, and other health issues to oxidative stress. Both types of basil can be cooked with, including using fresh or dried leaves, but holy basil has therapeutic uses that traditional basil does not. View abstract. 2006;16(7):485-494. 3-21-2007;110(2):275-293.

Basil extract might decrease blood pressure in some people.

Marinades and Dressings. Nobody's judging you for having a secret noodle stash. View abstract. 2007;25(8):899-901. Before using, basil should be rinsed under running water and patted dry. Biomedica.

There are over 60 varieties of basil, some of which are red or purple, and each has its own distinct flavor. Makino, T., Ono, T., Liu, N., Nakamura, T., Muso, E., and Honda, G. Suppressive effects of rosmarinic acid on mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis in rats.

Credit: Photo: Joe Lingeman; Food Styling: Cyd McDowell, Credit: Joe Lingeman/Kitchn; Food Stylist: CC Buckley/Kitchn. View abstract. Blood Sugar

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